01/01 2018 Equatorial Guinea
The former Spanish colony, Equatorial Guinea, was discovered in the fifteenth century by Portuguese explorer Fernão do Pó, who was searching for a route to India. It seems that the explorer was the one to discover Bioko Island, one of the country’s most coveted destinations nowadays. Equatorial Guinea was handed over to Spain in the eighteenth century and claimed its independence only in 1964. Equatorial Guinea is the youngest member of CPLP (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa) – having joined the organization in 2014. Its adhesion to CPLP resulted in Portuguese being adopted as official language, alongside Spanish and French. However, Equatorial Guinea’s membership is still considered by many quite controversial.